February 21, what happened on a day like today


In 1945 the Institute of Geophysics was founded

The University Council approved the creation of the Institute of Geophysics, thanks to the initiative and perseverance of Engineer Ricardo Monges López, who understood the importance of this discipline for the scientific and social development of our country, as well as for the modern world. The institute formally started its activities with the departments of Seismology, Geodesy, Geomechanics, Volcanology and Applied Geophysics. They are currently working on the preparation of contingency plans and programs for possible large-magnitude earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, groundwater contamination, floods, environmental contamination and geomagnetic storms.

In 2018, Miztli, the University “mascot” cougar, died

The Miztli puma arrived at the Center for Teaching, Practice and Research in Animal Production and Health of the UNAM School of Veterinary Medicine and Zootechnics in September 2003. Its name in the Nahuatl language means precisely “puma”. Since 2013 it has been the emblem of the UNAM sports teams, such as American football, rugby and soccer. The endearing university mascot, passed away at the age of 14 years and ten months.

It’s International Mother Language Day

The International Mother Language Day was approved by UNESCO in 1999. The term mother tongue identifies the language we acquired at home, through our parents, grandparents, siblings or those who took care of our upbringing. In Mexico there are around 68 linguistic groups spoken by almost seven million people, the mother tongue is an essential and irreplaceable element in any culture.

In 1910 the Mexican Red Cross was founded.

By Presidential Decree of Porfirio Díaz, the Mexican Red Cross is officially recognized, called the Mexican Association of the Red Cross. A group of people managed to establish a non-profit institution, which provides care through various assistance activities. These activities are linked to services and programs of social and health protection, provision of socio-health services, care for the elderly, people with disabilities, intervention in natural disasters, among others.

In 1817, José Zorrilla y Moral was born.

Renowned Spanish poet, writer and playwright, he had a notable influence on the literature of his time. Among his best works stand out: The shoemaker and the king, Songs of the troubadour, Sancho García, The dagger of the godo and The horse of the king don Sancho. He achieved great popularity with Don Juan Tenorio, a work with which he is remembered until now. He was admitted as a member of the Royal Academy of the Spanish Language, where he played a leading role in defending our language.

In 1933, Nina Simone was born.

Famous American singer and pianist, she is considered one of the great voices of the 20th century. She is known for representing genres such as jazz, blues, rhythm and blues, and soul. She created a very particular emotional intensity by singing songs of love, protest and black empowerment in a dramatic style, with a raspy voice. She fought for the civil rights of people of African descent, on several occasions she expressed this fight through her songs. Among her singles stand out: “Feeling Good”, Lilac Wine and Be my husband.

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